Light acupuncture and five-element music therapy for nurses’ mental health and well-being during and after COVID-19: protocol for a randomized crossover feasibility study

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BMJ open. 2022 Apr 29;12(4):e057106. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057106.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Australian nurses experienced higher levels of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period. This may have affected their long-term mental health and intention to remain in the profession, resulting in a labor shortage, which further impacts the health of the public. Management is urgently needed to improve the well-being of nurses. However, the available evidence is limited. The proposed clinical trial aims to assess the feasibility and therapeutic effects of using a combination of mild acupuncture and five-element music therapy to improve the mental health and well-being of nurses during and after COVID-19. 19.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This randomized, single-blind, two-arm crossover feasibility study involves a 1-week run-in period, a 2-week intervention, and a 1-week run-in period between interventions. Thirty-six eligible nurses will be recruited from the community and randomized to either a combination of mild acupuncture treatment and five-element music therapy group or a no-treatment group for 2 weeks. After a break-in period of one week, they will be exchanged in another group. The primary outcome of this study is to assess the feasibility of a combination of mild acupuncture treatment and five-element music therapy to improve the mental health and well-being of nurses. Secondary outcomes will include anxiety and depression, work productivity and activity, and quality of life ratings. Participants will be asked to complete a series of online questionnaires throughout the trial period. All analysis will be performed in R Studio V.1.1.463.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from the Edith Cowan University Human Research Ethics Board (no. 2021-02728-WANG). Research findings will be shared with hospitals and in various forms to engage a wider audience, including national and international conferences, presentations, open access peer-reviewed journal publications, and community workshop outreach premises with health professionals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12621000957897p https://www.anzctr.org.au/ACTRN12621000957897p.aspx.

PMID:35487736 | DO I:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057106

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